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Tools for Change – How the EU Wants to Achieve the Coal Transition

The European Commission has been striving to initiate an EU-wide coal phase-out since the end of 2017 in the form of the initiative “Coal Regions in Transition”. The aim of the activities is to provide structural support to the EU’s coal regions during their move – the “transition” – away from coal. The initiative also represents a pioneering project on ...

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Application of Modern Geo- and Environmental Monitoring Methods for the Sustainable Management of Geological Resources

The sustainable management of geological resources presents a challenge for environmental and geomonitoring actions with all the diverse tasks and assignments involved, such as water management and the monitoring of environmental changes. Today’s geo- and environmental monitoring processes involve the observation of many different factors and use satellite-supported optical remote detection with multispectral or hyperspectral sensors and radar remote sensing. ...

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Risk Management of Abandoned Mines: 2020 and 2019 – Between Requirement Analysis and Expert Reports on the Impact Relevancy of Abandoned Mines

In 2011, the NRW mining authority initiated the systematic analysis and evaluation of surface fracture relevant shafts within the state of North Rhine-Westphalia’s area of responsibility as part of risk management regarding potential hazards of abandoned mines. The measures that have been taken subsequently aim to, amongst others, prevent physical injuries or substantial damage to property through surface fracturing. As ...

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Mining Area Agreement (BBFV) RUHR – Study Regarding the Effectiveness of a New Form of Cooperation

The mining industry of the past has left long-lasting tracks in the territorial structure of the Ruhr area. Dealing responsibly with the area’s mining heritage in terms of sustainable regional developments is a major challenge. In 2014, the 17 pertinent municipalities and districts, together with the state government of North-Rhine Westphalia, RAG Aktiengesellschaft and the Ruhr Regional Association (RVR), concluded ...

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Open-Pit Mine Backfilling with External Soil Material

North-Rhine Westphalia is among the federal states that are richest in raw materials. In numerous operations, quartz gravel, quartz sand, clay and bedrock are won, provided, they are subject to the guidelines of the Federal Mining Act (BBergG) and supervised by the District Council Arnsberg, Department for Mining and Energy in North-Rhine Westphalia (mining authority of North-Rhine Westphalia), located in ...

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Ongoing Post-Mining Deficiencies in Raw-Materials Policy and the Repurposing of Mining Infrastructure

The Research Center of Post-Mining (FZN) at the TH Georg Agricola University (THGA) in Bochum/Germany has significantly expanded the range of its research programme since 2019/2020. Its scope has now been broadened by the new research division “Reactivation and Transition”. Research in this division focuses on land development and regional policy, socio-economic aspects and governance of post-mining. Emphasis is less ...

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Using Remote Sensing Data for Various Operational Tasks at the NRW Mining Authority

The NRW Mining Authority in Dortmund has been employing remote sensing data as part of its operating remit for quite a number of years. Orthophotographs and laser scanning data have been used by the NRW Geobasis services for basic survey purposes since the start of the millennium and after 2011 these techniques were also applied as risk management tools for ...

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Post-Mining Research on Reactivation and Transition

The Research Center of Post-Mining (FZN) at the TH Georg Agricola University (THGA) in Bochum/Germany has significantly expanded the range of its research programme since 2019/2020. Its scope has now been broadened by the new research division “Reactivation and Transition”. Research in this division focuses on land development and regional policy, socio-economic aspects and governance of post-mining. Emphasis is less ...

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Assessment of Remedial Options for Sustainable Operation of the Mirny Mine

The Mirny Mine is located in the northern Russia, where arctic conditions are present year-round. It is a large, open-pit and underground diamond mine with an open-pit depth of approximately 500 m below ground surface and a current depth of the underground mine workings of approximately 900 m below ground surface. From the ground surface, shallow geologic units with approximately ...

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German Post-Mining as a Role Model for Developments in China

Due to the recent announcement by the Chinese President Xi Jinping to become carbon neutral by 2060, China is facing a major upheaval. Because in China, power generation is the largest consumer of coal and remains a major future source of energy. In the upcoming age of renewable energies and climate protection, the transition to a more sustainable energy supply ...

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